Reporter, city editor Battle Creek (Michigan) Moon-Journal, 1920-1923. Staff Cleveland Press, 1923. Departmental editor Baltimore Post, 1923-1925.
City editor, later political editor Akron (O.) Times-Press, 1925-1931. City editor, chief editorial writer, columnist Behind the Front Page, Akron Beacon-Journal, 1931-1937. Executive manager Akron Chamber of Commerce, 1937-1938.
Administrator Ohio Bureau Unemployment Compensation, 1939-1943. Vice president, secretary Akron, Canton & Youngstown R.R., Akron, 1943-1944, now director. Executive vice president Ohio Chamber of Commerce, Columbus, since 1944.