Bachelor of Science, Case School Applied Science, Cleveland, 1895, Mechanical Engineering (in absentia), 1899. Summer school University of Michigan, 1898, 1900. Cornell Univercity, 1901.
University of Chicago, 1902, 03. Master of Arts, University of Wisconsin, 1905, Doctor of Philosophy., 1906. Doctor of Laws from Albion (Michigan) College, 1932.
Teacher, Toledo U. School, 1896-1904. Fellow in economics, University of Wisconsin, 1904-1906. Professor economics and history, 1906-1915, professor economics and sociology, Albion College, 1915-1919.
Professor economics, DePauw University, 1919-1927, leave of absence, 1925-1926, serving as professor economics University of Illinois. Professor economics, Case School of Applied Science, 1927-1944, professor emeritus (in residence) since 1944. Visiting professor Western Reserve University, 1946.
Lecturer in economics, Western Reserve University Graduate School, 1931-1940. Lecturer in economics Cleveland College, Western Reserve University, 1940-1941. Professor economics, University of Illinois, summer, 1914, Columbia, 1923, Bay View Summer School, 15 summers, 1918-1947, professor of economics, University of Southern California, summer, 1927.
Western Reserve, summers, 1929, 30. Secretary Michigan Child Labor Committee, 1908-1919. Albion Charter Commission, 1914-1915.
Member Cleveland Board Education (committee in citizenship training), 1934-1935. President Michigan Academy Science, 1918-1919 (vice president 1912-1918). Member American Association University professors, American Economic Association, American Statistical Association (president of Cleveland Chapter, 1937-1938).
Author: Economic Influences upon Educational Progress in the United States (1820-1850), 1908. Education and Industrial Evolution, 1908. The History and Problems of Organized Labor, 1911 and 1920.
The Industrial Situation, 1914. Elementary Economics, 1919. Organized Labor in American History, 1920.