Enlisted 13th Vermont Infantry, August, 1862. Thrice promoted; commanded company Gettysburg and captured cannon and prisoners. Practiced law at Montpelier, Vermont, 1859-1865.
Editor and most of time proprietor St. Albans (Vermont) Messenger, 1868-1880. On staff Boston Daily Advertiser, 1883-1885. President Vermont & Canada R.R., 1885-1886.
Editor and manager Rutland (Vermont) Herald, 1886-1889. Secretary Home Market Club, Boston, July, since 1889. Colonel on staff of Governor Dillingham of Vermont, 1865.
Member Vermont senate, 1874. Member Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1896-1898. Editor Home Market Bulletin (then Profectionist Magazine), since 1899.
Member United States Industrial Commission, 1899-1902 (chairman 1901-1902). Judge advisory general G.A.R., 1897. Home: Brookline, Mass.