Principal high school, Paw Paw, Illinois, 1900-1902. Instructor economics, history Northwestern University, 1904-1905, instructor economics, 1906-1909, assistant professor, 1909-1912, associate professor, 1912-1915, professor, 1915-1942, professor emeritus since 1942. Visiting professor summers, University of Chicago, 1917, University of Southern California, 1929-1938, U. Buffalo (first semester), 1947-1948, Indiana U. (second semester), 1947-1948, 48-49.
Special agent United States Commision on Idsl. Relations, 1914-1915. Chairman general advisory board Illinois Free Employment Offices, 1917-1929.
Assistant examiner for Shipbldg. Labor Adjustment Board, Great Lakes District, 1918. Chairman special commission to study effect of NRA on boot and shoe industry, 1935.
Public mediator National War Labor Board, 1942. Vice chairman Daily Newspaper Commission, 1943-1944, chairman, 1945.
Born March 31, 1876