Instructor in economics, 1908-1912, professor, 1912-1916, secretary courses in commerce, 1913-1916, University of Michigan. Professor economics, 1916-1919, head of department, 1917-1919, New York University. Professor political economy, University of Michigan, 1919-1921.
President Michigan Agricultural College, 1921-1923. Professor of political economy, New School for Social Research, New York City, 1923-1925. Research and consultant economist since 1925.
Statistician for Michigan communications of Inquiry into Taxation, 1911. Valuation expert Michigan R.R. Commission, 1915. Statistical adviser to the United States Treasurer, 1918, to the United States Telephone and Telegraph Administration, 1919.
Director Overseas Securities Company.
Born September 30, 1876