1 daughter Olive Elizabeth. Came to the United States, 1892, naturalized, 1897. Statistical clerk Wisconsin Railroad Commission, 1911-1913, statistician and case investigator, 1914-1918.
Lecturer economics, University of Wisconsin, 1917, successively instructor, assistant professor, associate professor and professor of economics since 1919. Executive secretary Public Utility Acquisition Committee, Milwaukee, 1920-1925. Special adviser Tennessee Valley Authority, 1933-1936, chief power planning engineer, 1937-1938.