Acting professor economics, Cornell College, Iowa, 1897-1898. Instructor in economics, Washington University, 1898-1901. Acting professor economics, Washington and Lee University, 1901-1902.
Instructor economics, Cornell Univercity, 1903-1906. Instructor economics, 1906-1908, assistant professor, 1908-1912, associate professor, since 1912, University of Chicago. On leave of absence, 1914-1915, and special investigator of scientific management and labor for United States Commision on Industrial Relations.
Associate editor Journal of Political Economy. Author: Scientific Management and Labor, 1915.
Born April 29, 1868