Civ. engineer with G. N. and Duluth, S. Shore and Atlantic rys., 1891-1893. With Minneapolis Times and St. Paul Call, 1894-1895, Minneapolis Journal, 1895-1903, becoming associate editor. Various Florida, Montana, Canadian and California immigration and land settlement enterprises until 1916.
Industrial, correspondent New York Tribune, 1917-1918, then editor National Lumber Manufacturers’ Association and associate editor Magazine of Wall Street (New York). Assistant manager campaign of Governor John A. Johnson of Minnesota for Democratic nomination for President of the United States, 1908. Executive secretary bureau of clubs, Democratic National Committee, 1916.