Acting head department history and civics Eastern Illinois State Normal School, 1901-1902. Instructor economics Trinity College, 1902-1903. Professor economics and sociology Bowdoin College, 1903-1907.
Associate director New York School of Philanthropy, 1907-1911. Professor economics University of Pennsylvania, 1911-1916, and dean Wharton School of Finance and Commerce, 1912-1916. Professor of economics Columbia, 1916-1942, dean school of business, 1932-1941, emeritus, Civilian commissioner on conscientious objectors War Department 1918.
Director commercial examinations Chamber of Commerce State New York, 1919-1943. Price administrator for Vermont under OPA, 1942. In joint charge of economic survey New York Regional Plan, 1922-1928.
Born July 30, 1876