Pastor St. Andrew’s Church, Picton, Ontario, Canada, 1902-1905. Professor economics and politics, Keiogijuku, Tokyo, 1908-1914. Editor Transactions Asiatic Society of Japan, 1912-1914.
Professor economics, 1914-1945, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts. Professor economics, Hamilton College, 1945-1946. Began teaching in Tokyo.
Economist for Far Eastern countries in Department of State, Washington, 1920-1921. Secretary to American delegation and chief International Secretariat at Washington Conference on Electrical Communications, 1920. Executive secretary Institute of Politics, Williamstown, Massachusetts.
Chairman of the executive committee Conference on Canadian-American Affairs, 1935.