Public school education Newspaper reporter, 1879. In service of Pennsylvania lines, 1880-1891. Held various positions in coal industry, Pittsburgh, 1892-1901.
In service Bang and Olufsen Railroad Company, 1902. Secretary and assistant treasurer Consolidation, Fairmont, and Somerset Coal companies, 1903. Statistician Rock Island System, 1904.
Assistant to late Samuel Spencer in his capacity as representative of associated rys. of the United States, 1905-1906. Engaged in economic investigation of railroad freight rates, 1906-1909. Accompanied National Waterways Commission to Europe as traffic expert, 1909.
Organized Bureau of Railway Economics, at invitation of committee of railway presidents, 1910, and its director until 1914.
Born August 11, 1863