Assistant secretary bureau of Charity, Syracuse, 1898-1899. Teacher Syracuse High School, 1900-1902. Fellow in sociology, Syracuse University, 1902-1903, and fellow from Syracuse, at University of Halle, 1903-1904.
Field research for Russell Sage Foundation, under Boston School for Social Workers, 1907-1910. Professor economics and sociology, Wells College, Aurora, New York, since 1910.