Superintendent schools, Schoolcraft, Michigan, 1892-1893. Principal high schools, Muskegon, Rock Island, and St. Paul, 1895-1907. Acting professor economics and politics, Albion College, 1901.
Special lecturer on economics and political science, Augustana College, 1898. Lecturer physiography and commercial geography, University of Minnesota summer school, 1901-1902. Lecturer commercial geography, University of Chicago, summer quarter, 1908.
Professor of economics, University of Minnesota, since 1907. Delaware University of Minnesota to Darwin Centennial Celebration, Cambridge, England, 1909, and Five Hundredth Anniversary Celebration of University of Leipzig, 1909.
Born December 20, 1867