Party affiliation: Republican
Instructor in economics, University of Washington, 1908-1909, University of Pennsylvania, 1909-1910, special aft. United States Census Bureau, 1910-1912. Assistant professor and chief of Division Agricultural Economics, University of Minnesota, 1912-1915.
Professor business administration, Sheffield Scientific School (Yale), 1915-1917. Manager commercial research department, Swift & Company, packers, Chicago, since 1917.