Certificate in library science, U. Denver, 1933, Bachelor of Science, 1934, Master of Science, 1939. Secretary to librarian Denver Public Library, 1924-1933, executive secretary, 1933-1939. Librarian and professor library economics Montana State University from 1939.
Chairman Montana State Library Commission, 1939-1975. Member executive board Pacific N.W. Bibliographical Center, 1959-1964.