Came to the United States, 1926, naturalized, 1942. Ordained to ministry Congressional Church, 1929. Assistant minister Dwight Place Congressional Church, New Haven, 1928-1930.
Minister Second Congressional Church, Biddeford, Maine, 1932-1936, All Souls Church, Bangor, Maine, 1936-1943, Plymouth Church, Des Moines, 1943-1946, Old South Church, Boston, 1946-1973, emeritus, 1973. Interim minister Chestnut St. Church, Worcester, 1973-1974, First Church, Malden, Massachusetts, 1974-1975, Lynnfield (Massachusetts) Center Church, 1975-1976, Quincy Point Church, Quincy, Massachusetts, 1976-1979. Preacher, Congressional General Council, 1950.
President Maine Council of Churches, 1939-1943. Memb. board dirs, Chicago Theological Seminary, 1944-1946, Massachusetts Council of Churches. Chairman Council for Social Action of Congressional Christian Churches, 1946-1948.
Trustee Bangor Theological Seminary. Past chairman of the board of trustees Andover Theological Seminary. Past chairman administration committee Andover Newton Theological School.
Trustee Piedmont College, 1950-1975. Board preachers Harvard, 1955-1975. Acting chairman, 1972-1975.