Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science in Edn, Ohio State University, 1927, A.M., 1928, Doctor of Philosophy., 1931. Associate professor of history Southern Illinois U., 1931-1942. Director personnel National War Labor Board, 1943-1944, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Germany, 1944-1947, International Refugee Organisation, 1947-1948.
Associate and acting dean Case Western Reserve U. School Business, 1949-1954. Dean Case Western Reserve U. School Business (Adelbert College), 1954-1969, professor of history, since 1949, department chairman, 1963-1967.
- Author: Royal Bob—The Life of Robert G. Ingersoll, 1952, Newton D. Baker—A Biography, 1961, Open Shelves and Open Minds, 1972, American Enterprise: Free and Not So Free, 1972, Case Western Reserve: A History of the University, 1826-1976, 1976, and separate vols. on its law, library and engineering Schools.