Instructor English, U. Pittsburgh, 1929-1938. Instructor English, Cornell Univercity, 1938-1942. Assistant Professor of English, St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York, 1942-1945, associate professor, 1945-1947, professor, 1948-1971, professor emeritus, 1971-1978, department chairman, 1948-1971.
Associate Professor of English, Washington and Jefferson College, 1947-1948. Ford fellow, 1953-1954. Ford Humanities grantee, 1970.