- Came to the United States, 1941. Naturalized, 1946. Lexicographical research work Assyriology, U. Vienna, College de France (Paris), 1938-1939. Member of staff Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, 1947-1973, professor Assyriology, editor-in-chief Assyrian Dictionary, also director Assyrian Dictionary project, 1954-1973, John A. Wilson Distinguished Service professor, 1969-1973.
Author: Untersuchungen zum babylonischen Mietrecht, 1936. Catalogue of the cuneiform tablets..in New York Public Library, 1948. The Interpretation of Dreams in the Ancient Near East, 1956 (French translation 1959).
Ancient Mesopotamia, 1964 (French translation 1970). Letters from Mesopotamia, 1967. Glass and Glassmaking in Ancient Mesopotamia, 1970.