Instructor German, Coe College, 1928-1929, assistant professor, acting head department, 1930-1932. Instructor German, Oberlin College, 1929-1930. Assistant professor, acting head department German, Ohio Wesleyan University, 1934-1935.
Assistant to professor modern langs. louisiana State University, 1935-1946, professor, head department, 1950-1969. Associate professor German, University of Virginia, 1946-1950. Editorial consultant British World Dictionary, 1954.