With Purdy & Henderson, New York, 1895-1897, Cambria Steel Company, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, 1897-1898, Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh, 1898-1901. Sales engineer American Bridge Company, Pittsburgh, 1901-1902. Prospecting for Pittsburgh Zinc Company, 1902-1903.
Designer, Walton Iron Company, Cincinnati, 1903-1904. Designer and estimator McClintock-Marshall Construction Company, Pittsburgh, 1904-1905. With Erie R.R., since 1905, advancing through various positions in engineering department to assistant vice-president and chief engineer, and assistant vice president in charge of engineering.
Also director Paterson & Ramapo, Paterson, Newark and New New York Home: Cleveland, O.