Party affiliation: Democrat
Chemist, North Carolina Experiment Station, 1877-1882, Navassa Guano Company, 1882-1885. Professor agricultural chemistry and mineralogy, University of North Carolina, 1886-1888. Mining engineer, Birmingham, Alabama, 1888-1892.
Professor of chemistry and metallurgy, University of Alabama, 1891-1893. Chemist, Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railway Company, Birmingham, 1894-1898. With Engineering and Mining Journal, and American Manufacturer, and Iron World, 1893 and 1897-1898.
Director University of Texas Mining Survey, 1901-1905, Bureau Economic Geology and Technology, University of Texas, 1909-1914. President Colorado School of Mines, 1914-1916. Removed to Houston, Texas.
Born July 4, 1857