Engaged on United States improvement of Missouri and Mississippi rivers, 1878-1883. Bridge work, Canton, O., 1883-1889. Designing steel work for buildings, since 1889.
Engineer for Burnham & Root, architects, 1889-1894. Engineer of construction and chief engineer of works, Chicago Exposition, 1891-1893. Member D. H. Burnham & Company, 1894-1898, of E. C. & R. M. Shankland, since 1898.