Fellow in chemistry, Ohio State University, 1900-1902. Assistant chemist, with iron and steel companies, 1902-1903. Instructor metallurgy, 1903-1906, assistant professor, 1906-1907, associate professor, metallurgical engineering, 1907-1912, School of Mines, Pennsylvania State College.
Blast furnaces superintendent with Joseph E. Thropp, 1912-1913. Assistant superintendent American Smelting & Refining Company, Maurer, New Jersey, 1913-1916. Research metallurgist, 1916-1923.
Instructor dental metallurgy, Columbia University School of Dental and Oral Surgery, 1921-1924. Metallurgist Calco Chemical Company Bound Brook, New Jersey, from 1923. Specialty research and process development work.