Came to the United States, 1897. With M. Guggenheim’s Sons Smelter interests, 1897-1901. With American Smelting & Refining Company, Denver, 1901-1904, Everett, Washington, 1904-1907.
Tacoma, Washington, 1907-1923. General manager American Smelting & Refining Company, plants in Colorado, Utah, Montana, California and Washington, 1922-1928, vice president in charge of all smelters and refineries 1928, president 1947.