Come to the United States, 1921, naturalized, 1929. Junior accountant, broker’s clerk cashier, Kidston, Goff & Findlay, chartered accountants and stockbrokers, Glasgow, 1918-1921. Private secretary to Chairman of the Board Scripps-Howard newspapers, New York City, 1922-1929.
With New York World Telegram and Sun, since 1929, as assistant public 1929-1938, business manager, 1938-1940, vice-president and business manager, 1940-1950. Executive vice president business manager, since 1950. Director New York World Telegram Corporation.