logo logo

Melvin Maynard Johnson

Melvin Maynard Johnson, American inventor, research consultant, executive. Awarded Army-Navy Certificate for Meritorious Service during World World War II; DeMolay Legion of Honor. Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Newcomen Society, National Rifle Association, American Ordnance Association Marine Corps League.; Mason (32°).

Background

  • Johnson, Melvin Maynard was born on August 27, 1909 in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Son of Melvin Maynard and Ina Delphine (Freeman) Johnson.

  • Education

    • Bachelor of Science, Harvard, 1931, Bachelor of Laws, 1934.

    Career

    • Admitted to Massachusetts bar, 1935, bar of the United States Court, 1936. Member Johnson and North, 1935-1938. Instructor Boston University Law School, 1935-1940.

      Invented Johnson semi-automatic rifle, 1936. Johnson light machine gun, 1937. Johnson light machine rifle, 1940.

      Johnson auto-carbine, 1941. Johnson Indoor Target-Gun, 1946, and other devices. Resigned as president, director Johnson Automatics and subsidiaries to join Olin Industries, Inc., research-development division, 1949 as technical director, manager armament research, 1951-1954.

      President Advanced Devels., Incorporated, New York Haven, since 1961. Consultant to Secretary of Defense, Operations Research Office. Department of Army, Johns Hopkins, Fairchild Engines, research consultant, and others.

      Chairman air weapons committee Research and Development Board, ordnance consultant, member gun panel. Consultant munitions board Department Defense Commissioned Second lieutenant United States Marine Corps Reserve, 1933, First lieutenant, 1936, captain, 1938. Served on Harvard Rifle Team, Harvard Varsity Crew, and Harvard R.O.T.C. field artillery.

      On inactive satus 1942-1945 by decision of Marine Corps. Engaged in weapons development. Transferred to Ordnance Corps inactive research as colonel, 1949, retired, 1961.

    Works

    • Author: Automatic Arms. For Permanent Victory. Ammunition
    • Weapons for the Future.

      Rifles and Machine Guns. Practical Marksmanship. Automatic Weapons of the World.

      Numerous articles in Ordnance, Marine Corps Gazette. Editor Weapons section Army World Book Encyclopedia, Grolier Encyclopedia.

    Religion

    Denomination: Episcopalian

    Membership

    Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Newcomen Society, National Rifle Association, American Ordnance Association Marine Corps League. Mason (32°).; Clubs: Hasty Pudding. Institute of 1770, D K E, Pi Eta (Harvard).

    Connections

    • Married Virginia Bingham Rice, October 10, 1934. Children: Melvin Maynard, III, Edward Rice, Byron Bingham, Gail.
    • father: Melvin Maynard Johnson
    • mother: Ina Delphine (Freeman) Johnson
    • spouse: Virginia Bingham Rice
    • children: Melvin Maynard Johnson
    • III Johnson
    • Edward Rice Johnson
    • Byron Bingham Johnson
    • Gail Johnson
    See on larger map
    Died January 8, 1965
    (aged 55)
    Nationality