Elec. engineer Pacific Gas & Electric Company, Sacramento, 1910-1912, Northwestern Electric Company, Portland, Oregon, 1913-1914. Chief department of electricity, City of San Francisco, 1914-1917. Electrical engineer Great Western Power Company, San Francisco, 1917-1918.
Various supervisory positions Alabama Power Company, 1918-1925, vice president, 1925-1927, vice president in charge operations, 1927-1932, vice president, general manager, 1932-1949, president, 1949-1952. Chairman of the executive committee The Southern Company, from 1952, director Birmingham Fire & Casualty Company, Southern Company, Alabama Power Company, Central Georgia Railway Company.