Telegraph operator M., St.P. and S.S.M. R.R., 1906-1912. Clerk Canadian Northern Railway (now C.N. Rys.), 1912-1916, general agent, Minneapolis, 1916-1917, division freight and passenger agent, Duluth, Minnesota, 1917-1927. Assistant general freight agent Grand Trunk Railway, Chicago, 1927-1929.
General freight agent Grand Trunk Western R.R., Detroit, 1930-1943. Freight traffic manager Chicago, 1943-1944, general manager Detroit, 1944, vice president, general manager. President, director Grand Trunk Milwaukee Car Ferry Company, Industrial Land Company, Cosol.
Land Corporation, Detroit & Toledo Shore Line Railroad Company, Detroit Terminal Railroad Company. General manager, director Muskegon Railway & Navigation Company. Director Belt Railway Chicago, Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad Company, Toledo Terminal Railroad Company, St. Clair Tunnel Company, Detroit Board Commerce.