Party affiliation: Democrat
Teacher South High School, Grand Rapids, 1915-1916. Translator, American Telephone and Telegraph Company, 1917-1920. Assistant advertising manager Onyx Hosiery, 1920-1923.
Advertising manager Arnold Constable Company, 1923-1926. With Lord & Taylor since 1927, as fashion copywriter, later in charge of windows, interior display, free publicity, comparison and advertising offices, now vice president in charge advertising and publicity.