Doctor of Medicine, University Pennsylvania, 1940. Master of Science, University of Minnesota, 1948. Master of Public Health, Harvard, 1959.
Rotating intern Philadelphia General Hospital, 1940-1942. Fellow internal medicine Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, 1945-1949. Clinical assistant professor medicine Woman’s Medical College Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1949-1958.
With National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, from 1959, assistant chief perinatal research branch, 1960-1962. Head special international programs section Office International.
Research, 1962-1966; deputy assistant secretary for science and population Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1966, deputy director, acting director office program planning, 1967-1968. Director Fogarty International Center, 1968-1978. Special assistant to director National Institute Aging, National Institutes of Health, from 1978.
Consultant VA, Philadelphia, 1954-1958. Member United States delegate 25th-27th, 29th World Health Assemblies.
Served to captain Medical Corps Army of the United States, 1942-1945. Member American Medical Association, Industrial Medical Association, American Geriatrics Society, Gerontological Society, Philadelphia County Medical Society, American Diabetes Association, Association American Medical Colls., New York Academy Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Alumni Association Mayo Foundation, American Heart Association, American Public Health Association, American Society Public Health Adminstrs., Philadelphia College Physicians, Sigma Xi, Kappa Sigma, Alpha Mu Pi Omega.