Bachelor of Arts, Univercity California at Berkeley, 1936. Master of Social Work, U. Denver, 1955. Caseworker, Public Welfare in California, 1937-1942.
Casework supervisor, administrator Cowlitz County Welfare Department, Kelso, Washington, 1942-1946. Child welfare consultant Montana Department Public Welfare, Helena, 1946-1953, field supervisor, Great Falls, 1955-1957. Medical social consultant Montana State Board of Health, Helena, 1958-1969.
Beef cattle rancher, White Sulphur Springs, Montana, 1961-1969.