Came to American, 1710, New York City, 1718. Surveyor general New York, 1720. Appointed to New York Government's Council, 1721.
Lieutenant governor colony New York, 1761-1776. Supported Britain in Revolutionary War. A noted botanist of his day, master of Linnaean system of plant classification.
Signed original charters for Marine Society of New York, New York State Chamber of Commerce. 1st advocate of cooling regimen in treating fevers. Proposed cure for cancer.
Author: History of the Five Indian Nations Depending upon New York, 1727. An Explication of the First Causes of Action in Matter, and, of the Cause of Gravitation, 1745. Principles of Action in Matter, 1752.