Admitted to Massachusetts bar, 1766, practiced in Boston. One of 3 defense attys. in trial of British soldiers in aftermath of Boston Massacre. Supported royal government, went to England, 1774.
Returned to Boston, 1778, arrested because of his Loyalist stand. In Nova Scotia (Canada) after release from prison, 1778-1779. Appointed judge Rhode Island Court of Vice Admiralty, Newport, 1779.
Went to England on British evacuation of Newport, 1779. Solicitor general for New York, 1779-1783. Forced to flee to Nova Scoti, 1783.
Attorney general Nova Scoti, 1784. Speaker Nova Scoti House of Representatives, 1785-1788. Member Nova Scoti Legislative Council, 1788-1797.
Chief justice Nova Scoti, 1797-1833.