Commissioned colonel Hunterdon County (New Jersey) Battalion, 1775. Commissioned brigadier general New Jersey Militia, 1775, major general, commander-in-chief, 1776. Defeated a Cornwallis raiding expedition interrupting British retreat to New York before Battle of Monmouth, 1777.
Appointed commissioner New Jersey Loan Office, 1781. Member Continental Congress from Delaware, 1782-1783. Vice president New Jersey Council, 1783-1784.
Appointed a commissioner by Continental Congress to select site for United States Capitol, 1785.