logo logo

Francis Hopkinson

Francis Hopkinson, American Continental congressman. member New Jersey Government's Council, 1774, New Jersey Provincial Congress, 1774-1776; member Continental Congress, 1776, signer Declaration of Independence; member Continental Navy Board, 1776-1778; member Pennsylvania Convention which ratified United States Constitution, 1787; member committee which designed seal of America Philosophical Society, 1770.

Background

  • Hopkinson, Francis was born on October 2, 1737 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of Thomas and Mary (Johnson) Hopkinson.

  • Education

    • Bachelor of Arts, College of Philadelphia (1st diploma granted by college), 1757, A.M., 1760. Received honorary degree from College of New Jersey (now Princeton), 1763.

    Career

    • Began study of harpsichord, 1754, gave 1st public performance, 1757, later set poems and psalms to music. Became 1st native American composer of secular songs, 1759. Admitted to Pennsylvania bar, 1775, New Jersey bar, 1775.

      Practiced law in Philadelphia and Bordentown, New Jersey. Appointed collector of customs Port of Salem (New Jersey), 1763, New Castle, Delaware, 1772. Member New Jersey Government's Council, 1774, New Jersey Provincial Congress, 1774-1776.

      Member Continental Congress, 1776, signer Declaration of Independence. Member Continental Navy Board, 1776-1778. Treasurer Continental Loan Office, 1778-1781.

      Appointed judge of admiralty for Pennsylvania, 1779, 80, 87. Member Pennsylvania Convention which ratified United States Constitution, 1787. Judge The United States of America District Court for Eastern Pennsylvania, 1789-1791.

      Secretary convention which organized Protestant Episcopal Church, 1789. Member committee which designed seal of America Philosophical Society, 1770. A designer Great Seal of New Jersey, 1776.

      Designed American Flag, 1777. Prepared seal for U. State Pennsylvania, 1782. Author: A Prophecy (essay which predicted that American would declare independence).

      Letter to Lord Howe, 1777, A Letter Written by a Foreigner, 1777, An Answer to General Burgoyne’s Proclamation, 1777, Letter to Joseph Galloway, 1778 (all pamphlets). The Battle of the Kegs (his most effective and popular verse), 1778. Contributor poetry and essays to American Magazine, 1757-1758, Pennsylvania Magazine, 1775-1776.

      Composer Seven Songs (1st book of music published by an American composer), 1788.

    Works

    • Author: A Prophecy (essay which predicted that American would declare independence). Letter to Lord Howe, 1777, A Letter Written by a Foreigner, 1777, An Answer to General Burgoyne’s Proclamation, 1777, Letter to Joseph Galloway, 1778 (all pamphlets). The Battle of the Kegs (his most effective and popular verse), 1778.

      Contributor poetry and essays to American Magazine, 1757-1758, Pennsylvania Magazine, 1775-1776. Composer Seven Songs (1st book of music published by an American composer), 1788.

    Membership

    Member New Jersey Government's Council, 1774, New Jersey Provincial Congress, 1774-1776. Member Continental Congress, 1776, signer Declaration of Independence. Member Continental Navy Board, 1776-1778.

    Member Pennsylvania Convention which ratified United States Constitution, 1787. Member committee which designed seal of America Philosophical Society, 1770.

    Connections

    • Married Ann Borden, September 1, 1768, 1 son, Joseph.
    • father: Thomas Hopkinson
    • mother: Mary (Johnson) Hopkinson
    • spouse: Ann Borden
    See on larger map
    Born October 2, 1737
    Died March 9, 1791
    (aged 53)
    Nationality