Merchant, Boston; chosen selectman of Boston, 1737. Member Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1737-1738, 40-49, speaker, 1746-1748. Member Government's Council of Massachusetts, 1749-1766.
Judge of probate, justice of common pleas Suffolk County (Massachusetts), 1752. Acting governor Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1769-1771, governor, 1771-1774. Political rival of Samuel Adams.
Author: A Letter on the Present State of the Bills of Credit, 1736. History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 3 vols., 1764-1828. Strictures upon the Declaration of the Congress. at Philadelphia, 1776.
Born September 9, 1711