Practiced as an apothecary, before 1768. Member of New York Government's Council, 1768-1778. Judge New York Supreme Court, 1769-1778.
Superintendent of police for Long Island, 1778. A Loyalist supporter during American Revolution, lost all property to confiscation activities of Revolutionaries, 1779. Sailed for England, 1783.
Chief justice Province of New Brunswick, 1784-1808.