Admitted to English bar, 1774, South Carolina. bar, 1774. Served as captain 1st Regiment, South Carolina. Militia, 1775, promoted major, 1778.
Military aide to Count d’Estaing at Savannah, Georgia. Served under marquis de Lafayette at Yorktown. Governor South Carolina., 1787-1788.
President South Carolina. Convention to ratify United States Constn, 1788. Mem lower house South Carolina.
Legislature, 1791; United States minister to England, 1791-1795. Special commissioner to Spain, 1795, determined Southern boundary of the United States and navigational arrangements for Mississippi River in Treaty of San Lorenzo el Real (Pinckney Treaty), 1795. Unsuccessful Federalist Party candidate for vice president United States, 1796.
Member United States House of Representatives from South Carolina., 5th-6th congresses, 1797-1801. Major general United States Volunteers in command of district extending from North Carolina to Mississippi River, 1812. Neogtiated Treaty of Fort Jackson with Creek Indian Nation ending the Creek War, 1814.
Born October 23, 1750