Came to New York as secretary to colonial governor, 1753. Attended General Braddock’s council of Governors, Alexandria, Virginia, 1755. Lieutenant governor New Jersey, 1755-1757.
Secretary extraordinary to commander-in-chief Lord Loudoun, 1756. Governor Massachusetts, 1757-1760. Cultivated “anti-prerogative” party.
Upheld constitutional authority of the civil government against war-powers claimed by the military. Led expedition to build fort on Penobscot, 1759. Urged vigorous measures towards driving French from American.
Colonel, 1st commissary-general to the British-Hanoverian army on the Rhine, 1761-1763. Published The Administration of the Colonies (proposals of reorganization in administration, in law, and in the status of the colonies that were necessary to form permanently the American colonies into one unit). Member English House of Commons, 1767-1780.
Fellow Society of Antiquaries, Royal Society Author: Colonial Constitutions, 1764, Principles of Polity, 1752, The Demonstration of the Colonies, 1764, Letters Advocating Free Trade, 1795. Contributor to Gentleman’s Mag.