Admitted to New Jersey bar, 1763. Appointed deputy secretary Colony of N. J., 1767. Appointed member Committee of Correspondence for Philadelphia, 1774.
President 2d New Jersey Provincial Congress, 1775. Appointed lieutenant colonel Pennsylvania Associate Militia, 1775, became military secretary to General Washington. Member Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, 1775.
Member Continental Congress from Pennsylvania, 1775, 77-78. Adjutant general Continental Army with rank of colonel, 1775, participated in Long Island campaign, promoted brigadier general, 1777. Served at battles of Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, Portsmouth.
President Supreme Executive Council Pennsylvania, 1778-1781. Responsible for abolition of slavery in Pennsylvania. Prosecuted Benedict Arnold, a founder University of Pennsylvania, trustee, 1782-1785.
Born August 27, 1741