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John Rutledge

John Rutledge, American governor of South Carolina, congressman.

Background

  • Rutledge, John was born in September 1739 in Charlestown (now Charleston), South Carolina, United States. Son of Doctor John and Sarah (Hext) Rutledge.

  • Education

    • Studied at Middle Temple, London, England.

    Career

    • Member South Carolina. House of Commons, 1761-1776. Attorney general South Carolina. pro tem, 1764-1765.

      Member Stamp Act Congress, 1765, Chairman of Commission which wrote memorial and petition to House of Lords. Member Continental Congress from South Carolina., 1774-1776, 82-83, led successful fight to eliminate rice from boycott list, advocated home rule in colonies. Member South Carolina.

      Council of Safety, 1776. A writer South Carolina. Constitution of 1776.

      President South Carolina. General Assembly, 1776-1778, vetoed new South Carolina. Constitution which would substitute a senate elected by people instead of legislative council and resigned.

      Governor South Carolina., 1779-1782, given emergency powers in times of invasion, 1780, restored civil government, 1781. Issued proclamation which suspended use of currency, forbade suits for debts, offered pardon to British supporters on condition that they serve 6 months militia duty. Member South Carolina.

      House of Representatives, 1781-1782, 84-90. Declined appointment as United States minister to Holland, 1783. Judge South Carolina.

      Chancery Court, 1784. Member United States Constitutional Convention, 1787, Chairman of Commission of detail. Member South Carolina.

      Convention to ratify United States Constitution, 1788. Senior The American Association For Justice Supreme Court of the United States Court, 1789-1791. Chief justice South Carolina.

      Supreme Court, 1791-1795. Nominated chief justice Supreme Court of the United States Court, 1795, served at August term (Senate refused to confirm his appointment, 1795).

    Membership

    Member Stamp Act Congress, 1765, Chairman of Commission which wrote memorial and petition to House of Lords. Member Continental Congress from South Carolina., 1774-1776, 82-83, led successful fight to eliminate rice from boycott list, advocated home rule in colonies. Member South Carolina.

    Council of Safety, 1776. Member South Carolina. House of Representatives, 1781-1782, 84-90.

    Member United States Constitutional Convention, 1787, Chairman of Commission of detail. Member South Carolina. Convention to ratify United States Constitution, 1788.

    Connections

    • Married Elizabeth Grimke, May 1, 1763, 10 children.
    • father: Doctor John Rutledge
    • mother: Sarah (Hext) Rutledge
    • spouse: Elizabeth Grimke
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    Born September, 1739
    Died July 23, 1800
    (aged 60)
    Nationality