Admitted to New Jersey bar, 1754. Trustee College of New Jersey, circa 1765. Member New Jersey Executive Council.
Became judge New Jersey Supreme Court, 1774. Drafted and sent to Lord Dartmouth “a plan of self-government for American, independent of Parliament, without renouncing allegiance to the Crown” 1774. Elected to Continental Congress, 1776, member numerous corns.
Visited Northern Army with George Clymer, 1776. Signer Declaration of Independence, 1776. Chairman of commission to inspect Northern Army at Ticonderoga.
Taken prisoner by British, November 30, 1776, released December 29, 1776.