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Hugh Williamson

Hugh Williamson, American congressman, scientist. member North Carolina House of Commons, 1782, 85; member Continental Congress, 1782-1785, 87-89; member United States House of Representatives from North Carolina, 1st-2d congresses, 1789-1793; member Holland Society of Science, Society of Arts and Science of Utrecht.

Background

  • Williamson, Hugh was born on December 5, 1735 in West Nottingham, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of John W. and Mary (Davison) Williamson.

  • Education

    • Graduated from College of Philadelphia (now University of Pennsylvania), 1757. Studied medicine in Edinburgh, London, Utrecht, 1764. Doctor of Medicine, University of Utrecht (Holland).

      Honorary degree U. Leyden.

    Career

    • Professor mathematics College of Philadelphia. Became member American Philosophical Society, 1768. Commissioned to study orbits of Venus and Mercury, 1769.

      Published An Essay on Comets. Carried 1st news of Boston Tea Party to England. Authored The Plea of the Colonies (anonymous letter to Lord Mansfield), 1775.

      Sailed for United States, 1776. Began merc. business in Charleston, South Carolina., moved to Edenton, North Carolina, traded with French West Indies. As physician to Governor Caswell of North Carolina sent to New Bern to inoculate troops against smallpox.

      Surgeon-general North Carolina troops. At Battle of Camden; member North Carolina House of Commons, 1782, 85. Member Continental Congress, 1782-1785, 87-89.

      Appointed to Annapolis Convention, 1786. Delegate United States Constitutional Convention, 1787, worked for ratification by publishing Remarks on the New Plan of Government in a North Carolina newspaper. Delegate Fayetteville Convention, 1789.

      Agent to settle North Carolina accounts with federal government, 1788. Member United States House of Representatives from North Carolina, 1st-2d congresses, 1789-1793. Member Holland Society of Science, Society of Arts and Science of Utrecht.

      Founder Literature and Philosophical Society of New York. Prominent member of New York History Society. Original trustee U. North Carolina.

      Trustee College of Physicians and Surgical, U. State of New York Author: Historical Papers Published by the Trinity College Historical Society (pamphlet). Letters of Sylvius (published anonymously. Opposed paper currency, advocated excise instead of land or poll tax).

      Of the Fascination of Serpents. Conjectures Respecting the Native Climate of Pestilence. Observations on Navigable Canals.

      Observations on the Climate in Different Parts of America (1811). The History of North Carolina, 2 vols., 1812.

    Works

    • Author: Historical Papers Published by the Trinity College Historical Society (pamphlet). Letters of Sylvius (published anonymously. Opposed paper currency, advocated excise instead of land or poll tax).

      Of the Fascination of Serpents. Conjectures Respecting the Native Climate of Pestilence. Observations on Navigable Canals.

      Observations on the Climate in Different Parts of America (1811). The History of North Carolina, 2 vols., 1812.

    Membership

    Member North Carolina House of Commons, 1782, 85. Member Continental Congress, 1782-1785, 87-89. Member United States House of Representatives from North Carolina, 1st-2d congresses, 1789-1793.

    Member Holland Society of Science, Society of Arts and Science of Utrecht.

    Connections

    • Married Maria Apthorpe, January 1789, 2 sons.
    • father: John W. Williamson
    • mother: Mary (Davison) Williamson
    • spouse: Maria Apthorpe
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    Born December 5, 1735
    Died March 22, 1819
    (aged 83)
    Nationality