Commissioned major Loyalist forces in New York, 1777, fled to Canada at end of America Revolution. Held office under British government in Nova Scoti, circa 1781-circa 1811, also speaker of assembly, adjutant general Nova Scoti militia, commissary for prisoners. Commissioner to carry out terms of Jay Treaty, 1795.
Consul general New York, 1799-1830. Commissioner under 4th and 5th articles Treaty of Ghent. Consul of Great Britain for Northern and Eastern states in the United States, 1802-1812.