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Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin

Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin, senator, United States secretary of the treasury.

Background

  • Gallatin, Abraham Alfonse Albert was born on January 29, 1761 in Geneva, Switzerland. Son of Jean and Sophie Albertine (Rolaz) Gallatin.

  • Education

    • Graduate Geneva Academy, 1779.

    Career

    • At least 2 sons, Albert, Francis. Came to the United States, 1780. Tutor French, Harvard, 1781.

      Leader of settlers to Western Pennsylvania, 1784. Member Harrisburg Conference to revise United States Constitution, 1788. Member Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, 1789.

      Member Pennsylvania House of Representatives from Fayette County, 1790-1793, instrumental in establishing state system of publication education, proposed establishment of state paper money and a Bank of Pennsylvania. Chiefly responsible for quelling Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 (thus preventing civil war in Pennsylvania). Member United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, 4th-6th congresses, 1795-1801, Republican minority leader, caused creation of standing commission on finance (now ways and means committee).

      United States secretary treasury under Jefferson and Madison, 1801-1814, favored natural growth of industry, opposed excessive government taxation, reduced military appropriations and public debt, believed that Federal money should be used to further an expanding internal economy. Changed policies when they became unpopular during War of 1812, revived internal taxes visited St. Petersburg (Russia) to attempt to secure Russian mediation to end war with England, 1813. Peace commissioner to England negotiating Treaty of Ghent, 1814, concluded (with Adams and Clay) favorable commercial treaty with British, 1815.

      United States minister to France, 1815-1823, to England, 1826-1827. President National (later Gallatin) Bank of New York City. A founder, 1st president council U. City New York (now New York University), 1831.

      Founder American Ethnological Society, 1842. President New York History Society, 1843. Author: Considerations on the Currency and Banking System of the United States, 1831.

      Memorial of the Committee Appointed by the “Free Trade Convention” Held in Philadelphia in … 1831, published 1832.

    Works

    • Author: Considerations on the Currency and Banking System of the United States, 1831. Memorial of the Committee Appointed by the “Free Trade Convention” Held in Philadelphia in … 1831, published 1832.

    Membership

    Member Harrisburg Conference to revise United States Constitution, 1788. Member Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, 1789. Member Pennsylvania House of Representatives from Fayette County, 1790-1793, instrumental in establishing state system of publication education, proposed establishment of state paper money and a Bank of Pennsylvania.

    Member United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, 4th-6th congresses, 1795-1801, Republican minority leader, caused creation of standing commission on finance (now ways and means committee).

    Connections

    • Married Sophie Allegre, 1789. Married second, Hannah Nicholson, 1793.
    • father: Jean Gallatin
    • mother: Sophie Albertine (Rolaz) Gallatin
    • spouses: Sophie Allegre
    • Hannah Nicholson
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    Born January 29, 1761
    Died August 12, 1849
    (aged 88)
    Nationality