Admitted to Ohio bar, 1840. District attorney Tuscarawas County, O., 1846-1849. Member United States House of Representatives (Republican) from Ohio, 33d-37th, 39th-42d congresses, 1855-1863, 65-73.
Served as major, judge advocate United States Army, 1864. Helped frame 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution. United States minister to Japan, 1873-1885.
Born January 21, 1815