Admitted to Philadelphia bar, 1844. Attained prominence as lawyer as result of victory in 3 important criminal cases. Won acquittal for president of Bank of Pennsylvania (charged with conspiracy to defraud bank of $250,000).
City solicitor Philadelphia, 1862-1866. Counsel in Schollemberger-Brinton case which established constitutionality of Legal Tender Act of 1862. Judge Court of Common Pleas of City and County of Philadelphia, 1866-1869.
Attorney general Pennsylvania, 1869-1872. Author: A Treatise on Practice in the Courts of Pennsylvania, 1891. A Treatise on Equity Practice in Pennsylvania, 1895.