Teacher in Mississippi, 1845-1849. Editor in Nashua, N.H., 1850-1854. Editor American Ruralist, Springfield, O., 1857-1861.
Edited reports United States Department of Agriculture, 1866-1893. Author of books and pamphlets on rural and political economy. One of commissioner to Vienna Exposition, 1873.
Executed foreign commissions for Department Agriculture, 1873, 1887. From 1893 on editorial staff of Country Gentleman, Albany, New York.
Born September 28, 1823