Commissioned Second lieutenant 1st Artillery, 1839, resigned, 1841. President Augusta & Savannah R.R., 1849-1854. Member Georgia House of Representatives, 1855-1856, Georgia Senate, 1860.
Colonel 1st Volunteer Regiment of Georgia, commissioned brigadier general, 1861. Fought in Seven Days, 2d Manassas, Sharpsburg engagements. Took charge Ewell’s div., commanded its advance into Maryland.
Became quartermaster general Confederacy, 1863. Served in lower house Georgia Legislature, 1870-1875. Chairman Georgia Electoral College, 1876.
Member, president pro tern Georgia Constitutional Convention of 1877. Unsuccessful candidate for United States Senate, 1880, elected pres: American Bar, 1882. Minister to Austria, 1887-1889.